Brick Work in Brooklyn New York
Brick Work in Brooklyn, New York is a highly dependable form of construction. It is built by placing bricks in mortar in an organized manner to construct a solid mass that withstands expend loads. There are many categories of bricks and a number of mortars that can be used to construct brick masonry. The bond in brick masonry, which cleaves bricks together, is composed by filling joints between bricks with convenient mortar. Special cautions shall be practiced while the mortar is mixed and placed since it immensely affects the performance and durability of the masonry structure.
Types of Brick Masonry Work:
1. Brick Work in Mud
The mud is used to fill up numerous brickwork joints of brick masonry work.
The density of the mortar joint is 12 mm.
it is the cheapest type of brick masonry
employed for the construction of walls with a maximal height of 4 m.
2. Cement in Brick Work
This type of brick masonry is constructed by laying bricks in cement mortar rather than mud which is used in the brick works in mud.
Types of Bricks:
In DX Construction Services, There are various types of brick used in the construction of brick work in Brooklyn masonry which include:
Common Burnt Clay Bricks
Sand Lime Bricks (Calcium Silicate Bricks)
Fly ash Clay Bricks
Other Brick Types consist of bullnose, channel, coping, cownose and hollow bricks.
10 Most Popular Types Of Wall Brick Bonds:
In DX Construction Services, the Brick walls in Brooklyn, New York can be structural, like load-bearing walls, or they can also be basically decorative brickwork patterns, like a brick-veneer wall. Structural walls require solid structural bonds, while decorative walls can use any bond pattern. Let’s take a look at some of the utmost traditional and famous brick bonds used for walls:
Stretcher Bond / Running Bond
Brick Work in New York, One of the most accepted brick bonds, also traditionally and popularly called the running bond/ Stretcher Bond. This bond is very accessible to lay, in fact, is one of the easiest ones used today. Stretcher bond is acceptable when walls of half brick thickness are essential to be constructed. In Brick work in Brooklyn, there are different types of wall construction done using this type of bond are:
Division walls (internal dividers)
Stretcher bonds are not very acceptable for stand-alone structural walls but are very capable for the construction of walls with less thickness. Note, this bond will fail if the thickness of the walls is more than half of the entire length of the brick used.
2. Header Bond
A header is the shorter face of the brick. In this bond brickwork masonry, all bricks are constructed in the header course. In this, the overlap is performed comparably to a half-width of the bricks. The three-quarter brickbats are exploited in different courses as quoins. This bond is mostly used for the construction of one brick thick walls.
3. English Bond
One of the most frequently utilized variations of brick work in Brooklyn, New York bonds in masonry works. This bond basically comprises altering courses of headers and stretchers. Headers are laid centered over the stretchers in the course below and each alternate row is vertically aligned. To break the everlastingness of vertical joints, a quoin closer is used at the start and end of a wall after the first header. A quoin close is a brick that is cut lengthwise into 2 halves and used in the corners of brick walls. This type of bond is mainly used to construct strong one brick thickness walls.
4. Flemish Bond
Brick Work in New York, for this type of bond, the exclusive course is made up of equivalent headers and stretchers. Each header is centered on a stretcher above and below and every equivalent course establishes with a header in the corner. For collapsing the vertical joints in the consecutive courses, quoin closers are introduced in equivalent courses next to the header. This bond can be necessarily sub-divided into two distinct types:
Single Flemish Bond – A combo of English bond and Flemish Bond. The front exposed surface of the wall is composed of Flemish bong and the back surface is composed of English bonds in every single course.
Double Flemish Bond – This bond takes a similar appearance both in the front and the back elevations.
Walls with Flemish Bond are complex to erect and need greater skills.
5. Stack Bond
In a stack bond, all the bricks are apparently loaded on top of each other and held with mortar for the brick works where all bonds are perfectly aligned. Because of its feeble masonry structure and some strength, Stack bonds are excellent for decorative brickwork patterns purposes. This bond is a non-structural bond, hence not applicable for walls that require transfer loads.
6. Dutch Bond
A modified form of the English cross bond consists of alternate courses of headers and stretchers. In this arrangement of the brick bond, every single stretching course begins at a quoin with a 3-quarter bat. Every alternate stretching course has a header set next to the 3-quarter bat brick provided at the quoin. This bond is perfect to construct strong corners along the wall which are subjected to excessive loads.
7. Common Bond / American Bond
This bond is very similar to the English Bond, but this one has courses of headers inserted in every five or six courses. Header courses are centered with the previous header course. This header bond basically acts as a tie brick between the fronting and the backing. To achieve sufficient offset in a standard common bond, queen closers are inserted at both ends of the header courses. The common bond is normally used in exterior load-bearing walls.
8. Facing Bond
This bond is primarily adopted for thick walls, where the facing and backing are chosen to be constructed with bricks of diverse thickness. Typically, this bond consists of heading and stretching courses arranged in a manner that one heading course comes after quite a lot of stretching courses. The load distribution of walls using this bond is not uniform because of the difference between the facing and the total number of joints in the backing. This can also lead to unequal settlement of the 2 thicknesses of the wall.
9. Diagonal Bond
Best suited for walls of two to four brick thickness. This bond is normally introduced at every 5th or 7th course along with the height of the wall. Bricks in this bond are placed end to end in such a manner that extreme corners of the sequence remain in contact with the stretchers.
10. Rat Trap Bond
In this bond, bricks are laid on edge or placed in a vertical position instead of the conventional horizontal position. This creates a cavity (hollow space) within the wall. This feature helps in keeping enhanced thermal comfort and keep the interiors cooler than the outside and vice versa. This type of wall consumes a smaller number of materials due to the internal cavity. The Rat Trap Bond looks very similar to the Flemish Bond in appearance. Skilled labor and extra care are needed to design this bond.
Brick Masonry Construction:
Materials and Equipment Used in Brickwork Construction
Mortar Mix or Mason Mix Bricks
Hose, level, or theodolite
And other equipment according to the project and personal preferences
Brick Masonry Construction Preparations:
The construction of Brickwork steps are as follows:
We check the level of the ground using level, theodolite, or transparent hose level.
Set the layout of the structure.
Trace of building axis and wall alignment using gypsum powder, chalk, or similar, marking the trenches for foundation.
After that, install the foundation wall, cure the foundation for a minimum of two days before the beginning of brick masonry construction.
Distribute bricks in several stacks along the project site to cut time and effort later.
Wet bricks a few hours prior to the work. Not only does this avoid absorbing too much water from mortar but also improves adherence to bricks and mortar.
Brick Masonry Construction Procedure:
The construction procedure of Brick Work in New York is as follows:
Initially, mix the mortar with water and blend it until a smooth and plastic mortar is produced.
After that, place the mortar on the foundation line evenly using a trowel (25mm thickness and one brick wide is recommended for laid mortar).
Then, lay the first course of stretcher bricks in the mortar. Start with the second brick, apply mortar to the head joint end of each brick, After that shove the bricks into place firmly so that the mortar is squeezed out of all sides of the brickwork joints.
Utilize a level to examine the course for correct height. ensure that bricks are plumb and level.
Place another mortar line alongside the first course, then begin laying the second course.
Use the two half bricks to begin the second to ensure that the first two courses are staggered for structural purposes.
To finish the second course of the lead, lay three header bricks and make sure that they are plumb and level.
The third and fifth courses consist of stretchers similar to the first course. The fourth course begins with a single header, followed by stretchers. Use the level to make sure that the lead is true on each course. Lastly, this patterned brickwork is used till the target height is reached.
Cleaning brick work:
The easiest cleaning of old brickwork is accomplished shortly after laying, usually the same day, by wiping off the excess mortar using a bristle brush. The second easiest method is to wash down the wall the same or following day with only water and a brush. The third approach is to use chemical cleaners.
What Is Mortar Repointing?
When mortar starts cracking, receding, and falling out of the joints, it’s time to chisel out the old stuff and trowel in the new, a process called repointing. The motor Repointing is a simple job, but it has to be done with care, using the right tools and the right materials to avoid damaging the brick and permanently compromising the integrity and appearance of the wall. For me, that means using hand tools and lime mortars similar to the ones masons employed 100 years ago.
How to Mortar Bricks in 6 Steps
There are 6 steps for Mortar Brickwork Repair:
Rake Out the Bed Joints
Clean Out the Head Joints
Wash Down the Wall
Mix the Mortar
Fill the Joints
Brush the Wall